Crocheting Basics – Tips & Tricks

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If you’re new to crocheting or just need a refresher, this page is for you! Below you’ll find basic stuff like abbreviations and tips too.

Abbreviations

These are the typical abbreviations you’d see in patterns:

  1. BPdc – Back Post double crochet(s)
  2. ch(s) – chain(s)
  3. cm – centimeters
  4.  dc – double crochet
  5. FPdc – Front Post double crochet(s)
  6. FPtr – Front Post treble crochet(s)
  7. hdc – half double crochet(s)
  8. tr – treble crochet(s)
  9. mm – millimeters
  10. Rnd(s) – Round(s)
  11. sc – single crochet
  12. sp(s) – space(s)
  13. st(s) – stitch(es)
  14. YO – yarn over
  15. sl st – slip stitch

* – work instructions following * as many more times as indicated in addition to the first time.

( ) or [ ] – work enclosed instructions as many times as specified by the number immediately following or work all enclosed instructions in the stitch or space indicated or contains explanatory remarks.

colon (:) – the number(s) given after a colon at the end of a row or round denote(s) the number of stitches or spaces you should have on that row or round.


Types of Yarn:

Yarn Weight, Symbol & Names:
1 – Super fine (sock, fingering baby)
2 – Fine (sport, baby)
3 – Light (DK, light worsted)
4 – Medium (worsted, afghan, aran)
5 – Bulky (chunky, craft, rug)
6 – Super Bulky (bulky, roving)


Types of Crochet Hooks:

U.S. Aluminum Crochet Hooks List

  1. B-1 – 2.25 mm
  2. C-2 – 2.75 mm
  3. D-3 – 3.25 mm
  4. E-4 – 3.5 mm
  5. F-5 – 3.75 mm
  6. G-6 – 4 mm
  7. H-8 – 5 mm
  8. I-9 – 5.5 mm
  9. J-10 – 6 mm
  10. K-10-1/2 – 6.5 mm
  11. N – 9 mm
  12. P – 10 mm
  13. Q – 15 mm

Patterns:

Normally, you’ll see a level of difficulty by a pattern letting you know what’s entailed in making that pattern:

  • Beginner – Projects for first-time crocheters using basic stitches. Minimal shaping.
  • Easy – Projects using yarn with basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color changes, and simple shaping and finishing.
  • Intermediate – Projects using a variety of techniques, such as basic lace patterns or color patterns, mid-level shaping and finishing.
  • Experienced – Projects with intricate stitch patterns, techniques, and dimension, such as non-repeating patterns, multi-color techniques, fine threads, small hooks, detailed shaping and refined finishing.
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